Weather in Greece


Greece shows, due to its mountain ranges and similar to most countries around the Mediterranean, a regionally differentiated climate. But because of its location in the eastern part, gets slightly higher temperatures and less rainfall than Spain or Italy.
Note: in the following discussion, temperatures are given in Celcius: for example, 10 celsius = 50 Farenheit; 20 C = 70 F; 30 C = 86 F)

Wintertime in Greece is usually less influenced by the tails of Atlantic low-pressure areas, unlike in summer - especially in the beginning, hot masses of air rising from the Sahara often cause heatwaves in the southern part of the country. Through their way across the Mediterranean these hot winds - called Notias and also considered as the Greek Sirocco - assimilate a lot of humidity. These winds partially end up as extensive rainfall on the southern areas of the mountain ranges, the south-eastern islands, and the intensely structured southern coastline, and thereby turn these regions despite their position into the most humid areas of Greece.

Another climatological characteristic of Greece is the Etesian winds also known as Meltemi. Those northerly winds occur usually between early May and late October throughout the Aegean. These cool and dry winds are closely linked to the circulation of the Asiatic Monsoon that leads to a low pressure trough over Turkey and a high pressure ridge over the Balkans. Usually, the Meltemi starts in the early afternoon and calms down during sunset, but it sometimes also perseveres steadily up to ten days.

The Greek winter generally ranges from November until March. The avarage temperature during this period is about nine degrees Celcius: in the northern regions and the mountain areas of Greece the temperature drops down to minus ten. Despite the usually calm winters, even on southern islands snowfall occurs occasionally.

Spring is just as beautiful as it is mostly short. During March until mid-May nature springs into bloom. Orange and lemon trees, white and yellow marguerites, and the red poppy are just some of the colorful eye candies. The temperature rises from 12 during March up to 20 degrees in May and also the sea temperature may rise up to 19 degrees.

Between May and October it's summertime in Greece and temperatures up to 40 degrees are not uncommon, although the prevailing Meltemi frequently tempers the heat down 6 to 7 degrees. Sea temperatures exceed the averages of the western Mediterranean like Spain and often reach up to 28 degrees during August.

The weather in Autumn - October until late November - can vary from calm and sunny days to heavy rainfall. Days become shorter, but it's an ideal season to explore the exceptional countryside, lightened by yellow, orange and golden highlights and numerous times roofed by gorgeous cloud formations.
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